Mitsubishi Galant

1990-2001 of release

Repair and car operation



Mitsubishi Galant
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Controls
- Options and routine maintenance
   The schedule of routine maintenance of cars Mitsubishi Galant/Mirage/Diamante
   Specifications
   The general data on options and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tyres and pressure of their rating
   Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
   Check, service and gymnastics of the storage battery
   Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
   Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Rotation of wheels
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
   Greasing of components of the chassis
   Replacement ATF of automatic transmission and differential of the main transfer, check of a condition and filter AT service
   Check of a condition of brake lines
   Check of a condition/service of disk brake mechanisms
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check and adjustment of backlashes of valves - only Mirage
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner
   Service of system of cooling
   Replacement of the fuel filter
   Check and replacement of the valve of system of operated ventilation картера (PCV)
   Check of a condition and replacement of spark plugs
   Condition check, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement приводных belts
   Check of a condition of components of system of release of the fulfilled gases
   Replacement трансмиссионного oils РКПП
   Replacement of greasing of a distributing box - only all-wheel drive Galant
   Replacement of greasing of back differential - only all-wheel drive Galant
   Check of a condition/service of drum-type brake mechanisms
   Check of serviceability of functioning of a lay brake
   Check of serviceability of functioning of the vacuum amplifier of brakes
   Check of a condition of seat belts
   Check of a condition and replacement of components of system of ignition
   Check/adjustment of installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition
   Check of a condition of components of system of catching of fuel evaporations
   Check of a condition of components of the power supply system
   Check of a condition and replacement of a belt (it) of drive ГРМ
+ The engine
+ Cooling and heating systems
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Manual transmission
+ Coupling and трансмиссионная a line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment





Check of levels of liquids

Some special procedures of service demanding performance of additional checks of levels of liquids are more low described also. Regularly look under the car, checking it on presence of signs of development of leaks of working liquids.

Check of levels of the basic working liquids (the impellent oil, a cooling liquid, a liquid of washing of a windscreen, battery electrolit, a liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel) should be made on a regular basis, is not more rare than once a month or through each 5000 km of run. The others - according to the schedule THAT (see Has undressed the Schedule of routine maintenance of cars Mitsubishi Galant/Mirage/Diamante).


Various liquids play a role of working bodies in systems of greasing, cooling, braking, coupling, heating and an air conditioning, washing of glasses etc. Whereas all liquids are subject eventually разжижению and development, and also during normal functioning of systems gradually become soiled, it is necessary to make their full replacement periodically. Before to start updating of level or replacement, familiarise with the list recommended to use in the car of grades of liquids.

At check of levels of liquids the car should be parked on an equal horizontal platform, whenever possible with a firm covering.


Impellent oil

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Check of level of impellent oil is made by means of measuring щупа, passed in directing tube and lowered in the engine to the bottom point of its pallet картера. The site measuring щупа is shown on the illustrations showing placing of components in an impellent compartment of the car and placed in the beginning of the present Chapter.
2. Check of level of oil should be made before the trip first in current day, or after nearby 15 minutes after an engine stop. If to execute check immediately after engine deenergizing, its results will adequately not reflect a situation as the oil part will appear distributed on internal galleries and engine components.

3. Take measuring щуп from a directing tube and dry wipe its edge pure rags or a paper towel. Insert щуп back into a tube against the stop, then again take. Having examined an edge щупа, estimate size of the site moistened with oil. Oil level should be between the top and bottom marks in an edge щупа. In case of need add in the engine corresponding quantity of oil of a demanded grade.

4. For lifting of level from bottom (MIN) marks on щупе to top (MOVE) is required hardly less than one litre of oil. Level lowering for limits of the bottom border of an admissible range conducts to development of oil starvation of the engine fraught with serious mechanical damages of last. Try not to pour also oil above the top mark as it can lead забрасыванию spark plugs or to failure of epiploons of the power unit as a result of excessive increase of pressure.
5. To fill in oil in the engine it is necessary to remove the cover of a jellied mouth equipped with a carving. In avoidance разбрызгивания oils during its refuelling in the engine take advantage of a funnel, or a butterdish with a long nouse. Having filled in oil, screw and strongly tighten a cover of a jellied mouth, then start the engine and attentively examine on presence of signs of leaks a drain stopper and a surface of the oil filter interfaced to the block. Muffle the engine, wait about 15 minutes during which oil will merge in the pallet, then once again check up its level.
6. Check of level of engine oil is the important preventive procedure of service of the engine. Constant decrease in level testifies to presence of leaks of oil as a result of failure of epiploons, damage of sealing linings, deterioration of piston rings or directing plugs of valves. If oil on colour or a consistence reminds milk, or at it there are water drops, it speaks about possible damage of a lining of a head of cylinders, or formation of cracks to a head body (ок) or the block. Check should be made immediately. During measurement of level of oil always check also its condition. Big and index fingers remove from an edge щупа oil traces, - in case of presence at it of small metal particles oil is subject to replacement (the Section Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter see).


Cooling liquid of the engine

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

Do not suppose antifreeze hit on open sites of a body and the painted surfaces of the car. Casual splashes immediately wash off plentiful quantity of water. Remember that antifreeze is extremely a toxic liquid and its hit in an organism even in small amounts is fraught with the most serious consequences, up to a lethal outcome. Never leave antifreeze stored in leaky closed container, immediately collect cooling liquid spilt on a floor. Remember that the sweetish smell of antifreeze can draw to itself attention of children and animals. About ways recyclings of the fulfilled cooling liquid consult with local authorities,-.vo many regions of the world special points on reception of a various sort of working off are equipped. At all do not merge an old cooling liquid in the water drain and on the earth!


Recently nontoxical grades of antifreeze are developed, nevertheless, they also should to be utilised in the organised order.


1. All models of cars described in the present Management are equipped by system of cooling of the compensatory type, working at superfluous pressure. The broad tank of system of cooling made of translucent plastic is located in a forward corner of an impellent compartment closely to the battery and connected переливным by a hose to the basis of a jellied mouth of a radiator. At engine warming up the cooling liquid extends, and its surplus flows through the valve which has been built in in a cover of a jellied mouth of a radiator, in a broad tank. In process of cooling, the liquid comes back on a hose back in a radiator that allows to support constantly in norm its level in system.

At all do not remove a cover from a jellied mouth of a radiator / a broad tank at the hot engine!

2. Level of a cooling liquid in a broad tank is checked on a regular basis and should be supported between marks FULL and LOW, put on a stack of the tank made of translucent plastic. It is necessary to remember, that level of a cooling liquid depends on its temperature, therefore it should be in a cold condition only hardly above bottom (LOW), and after engine warming up - to rise to mark FULL. In case of need make corresponding updating, having added in a tank demanded quantity of a fresh mix.

For updating of level of a liquid use only demanded structure a mix этиленгликоля and the distilled water (approximately 50/50). Remember that frequent application for the given purpose of simple water leads gradual разжижению antifreeze and утрачиванию a mix of frost resistance and anticorrosive properties. It is not necessary to abuse also various type additives.

3. Constant falling of level of a cooling liquid usually testifies to development of leaks in system. Check up on presence of traces of leaks a radiator, connecting hoses, a cover of a jellied mouth, drain stoppers and the case of the water pump. If any signs of leaks to reveal it is not possible, it is necessary to make check of a cover of a radiator by pressure in the conditions of a car-care centre workshop.

At all do not remove a cover from a radiator / a broad tank at the hot engine!

4. In need of removal of a cover of a radiator wait full cooling of the engine, then wind a mouth with a thick layer of rags and slowly turn away a cover to the first emphasis. If thus there is steam emission, allow to the engine to cool down a little more, only after that definitively remove a cover.
5. Besides level always check also a condition of a cooling liquid, - it should be concerning transparent. If the cooling liquid is painted in krasnovato-brown colour of a rust, the cooling system should be emptied, washed out and filled by a fresh mix of antifreeze with water. Even if the liquid outwardly is not exposed to any changes, entering into its structure ингибиторы corrosion eventually are exposed to the development, therefore the cooling liquid should be replaced regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car (see Has undressed the Schedule of routine maintenance of cars Mitsubishi Galant/Mirage/Diamante).
6. Try not to suppose antifreeze hit on open sites of a skin or the painted surfaces кузовных components. Casual splashes immediately wash off plentiful quantity of water.


Liquid for windscreen washing

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

The liquid for windscreen washing is filled in in the special tank made of plastic located in a forward corner of an impellent compartment of the car, an opposite corner in which the storage battery and a broad tank of system of cooling take places. In regions with a temperate climate as a liquid for glass washing pure water can be used, however it is not necessary to fill the tank more than on 2/3 for the purpose of indemnification of expansion of water at its freezing during frosts. At car operation in severe climatic conditions to use only патентованные the screen wipers providing corresponding decrease of a freezing point of a liquid. In avoidance обмерзания glasses at washing in cold weather preliminary warm up it by обдува passed through the heat exchanger of a heater air

Rules of configuration of a mix are usually printed to a container label. At all do not apply to addition in a liquid of washing of glasses used in system of cooling antifreeze, - last is aggressive in relation to a paint and varnish covering кузовных panels!


Electrolit of the storage battery

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

Cars considered in the present Management are completed by the battery of tight type not requiring service in which case only ventilating apertures are provided. The battery case can be made of translucent plastic, - in this case electrolit level in its banks can be supervised for the purpose of reception of the indirect information on serviceability of functioning of system of a charge and a current condition of the battery. If while in service a vehicle the battery for any reason has been replaced on usual (served type), it is necessary to check from time to time electrolit level in its banks for what it is necessary to remove the top control/jellied stoppers. Especially attentively it is necessary to watch electrolit level in a warm season. For updating of level of electrolit it is necessary to use only the distilled water.


Hydraulic liquid of brake system and coupling drive

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. The main brake cylinder (ГТЦ) is fixed on the block of the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier of brakes. The hydraulic cylinder of coupling is used on models with РКПП and fastens on a back partition of an impellent compartment in the neighbourhood with ГТЦ (the site of tanks of both cylinders is shown on see the accompanying illustrations explaining an arrangement of components in impellent compartments of considered models in the beginning of the given Chapter).
2. Level of a liquid in tanks GTTS and a coupling drive is well looked through through translucent walls of the last and should be supported between marks MIN and the MOVE, not reaching to top on 8 9 mm.

3. In case of need updatings of level of a liquid carefully wipe a cover of the corresponding tank and a surface round it pure rags in order to avoid hit in hydraulic system of a dirt.
4. At заливании liquids in the tank watch that it was not sprayed on surrounding painted surfaces кузовных elements. Add in each of systems only a liquid of the grade stipulated by standard requirements (Specifications in the beginning of the given Chapter see), - mixing of two liquids of a various grade in no event is inadmissible and can lead to refusal of corresponding system!

The brake liquid is extremely chemically aggressive, - do not suppose its hit in eyes and on the painted surfaces кузовных panels! Do not use for addition in system the hydraulic liquid which has staid more of one year, or stored in leaky closed container. Remember that the brake liquid is very much гигроскопичной, i.e. possesses ability to absorb a moisture from air therefore efficiency of functioning of brake system can dangerously decrease!

5. At a stage of updating of level it is necessary to check up attentively also a condition of a liquid and internal walls of the tank. In case of revealing of mud adjournment, firm extraneous particles or drops of water the system should be emptied and filled by a fresh hydraulic liquid (Heads Coupling and трансмиссионная a line and Brake system see).
6. After the tank will be filled to demanded level, densely plant on it a cover.
7. Remember that level of a hydraulic liquid in tank GTTS in process of operation of frictional overlays brake колодок gradually falls, however this decrease is always very insignificant. If the liquid be added too often, hence, in system the leak which source should be immediately revealed takes place, and the reason is eliminated, - attentively examine all brake lines and them штуцерные connections, including supports, wheel cylinders and the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier (in Section Check of serviceability of functioning of the vacuum amplifier of brakes more in detail see). Falling of level of a liquid in the tank of a hydrodrive of coupling testifies to development of leaks in a path, including the executive cylinder (Coupling and трансмиссионная a line see the Head).
8. If during check of level of a liquid in the main cylinders that fact is elicited, that its tank is practically devastated, the corresponding system should be completely pumped over (Coupling and трансмиссионная a line or Brake system) see the Head.


Liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. The tank of a liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel is located in a forward corner of an impellent compartment behind the tank of a liquid of washing of glass (the accompanying illustrations explaining an arrangement of components in impellent compartments of considered models in the beginning of the given Chapter) see.

2. The tank cover is equipped built in measuring щупом. The Procedure for test standard for all measurements with the help щупов.

3. Try not to suppose an exit of level of a liquid for limits of the bottom border of an admissible range.

4. In case of need make corresponding updating of level, having added in a tank mouth a hydraulic liquid of a demanded grade.

5. If necessity for updating of level of a liquid arises regularly and often, check up on presence of signs of leaks the steering pump, картер реечной transfers, and also all connecting lines of a hydraulic path of system and them штуцерные connections.


Трансмиссионное oil РКПП

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Carter РКПП is not equipped measuring щупом. Поддомкратьте the car also establish it on props. Level трансмиссионного oils in a transmission is checked by a reversing of a control/jellied stopper from a lateral wall картера РКПП.). Find a stopper and carefully wipe a surface surrounding it картера boxes pure rags. With the help накидного or a face key turn out a stopper, - level трансмиссионного oils in картере should reach the bottom cut of a control/jellied aperture, otherwise it is necessary to make corresponding updating. If the car is lifted over the earth for the purpose of providing of access to картеру РКПП before to get under it make sure of reliability of fastening of props.

The car should be established strictly horizontally!


2. Having taken advantage of a funnel with a suitable transitive nozzle, fill in in картер РКПП demanded quantity fresh трансмиссионного oils. Continue to fill in oil until it will not start to be poured through a bottom edge of a jellied/control aperture.
3. Screw carefully wiped stopper into place and strongly tighten it. Make short trial runs of the car after which make sure of absence of signs of development of leaks of oil through a stopper.


ATF

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Correctness of level ATF is one of critical operational parametres of the models equipped АТ. Excessive falling of level ATF can lead to proslipping of the converter of rotation whereas the excessive quantity of a liquid conducts to its foaming, to formation of leaks and is fraught with a transmission exit out of operation.
2. Check of level ATF should be made at разогретой to normal working temperature of transmission (15 20 km of run, 72 80 С).

It is not necessary to make check of level ATF right after car operation on high speeds, in the conditions of a city cycle in hot weather, or after trailer towage, - preliminary allow liquids to cool down within nearby 30 minutes!

3. Park the car on an equal horizontal platform with a firm covering, strongly cock a lay brake. If the engine cold, start it and warm up to normal working temperature on single turns. At the working engine squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake and serially spend selector AT lever through all positions, in summary, having returned it to position “Р”.

4. Not suppressing the engine, take from a directing tube measuring щуп. Fingers remove from an edge щупа traces ATF and to the touch estimate its condition.

5. Carefully wipe an edge pure rags and enter щуп back into directing tube, densely having planted a cover on a mouth.

6. Again take щуп from a mouth and on length of the moistened site of an edge define level ATF in картере transmissions. In case of need make corresponding updating, through a funnel having added in transmission a liquid of a demanded grade, - fill in ATF directly in a mouth of a directing tube measuring щупа.

7. For lifting of level ATF from the bottom border of a working range щупа to top it is required about 0.6 l of a liquid - add ATF in the small portions in stages, each time checking level.
8. Simultaneously with level it is necessary to check as well condition ATF. If the liquid moistening the end of an edge щупа has a dark red-brown shade, or smells as ashes, ATF it is necessary to replace (the Section Replacement ATF of automatic transmission and differential of the main transfer, check of a condition and filter AT service) see. In the absence of confidence of correctness of an estimation of a condition трансмиссионной liquids compare it on colour and a smell with fresh ATF.


Check of level of greasing in a distributing box (only all-wheel drive Galant)

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Park the car on an equal horizontal platform, whenever possible with a firm covering. Cock a lay brake, on models with АТ translate the selector lever in position “Р”.
2. Before to start check examine картер a distributing box on presence of signs of development of leaks. Greasing level in a distributing box on all-wheel drive models should reach the bottom cut of a control/jellied aperture from its back party картера. For check enter into an aperture a finger. In parallel, estimate to the touch a condition of the oil filled in in a box.
3. In case of need make corresponding updating, having added demanded quantity of oil through a jellied aperture, - take advantage of a funnel or the manual pump.
4. Track reliability of a tightening of a stopper.


Greasing of differential of the back bridge (only all-wheel drive Galant)

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Park the car on an equal horizontal platform, whenever possible with a firm covering. Cock a lay brake, on models with АТ translate the selector lever in position “Р”.
2. Greasing level in differential also should reach the bottom cut of a control/jellied aperture. For check enter into an aperture a finger. In parallel, estimate to the touch a condition of the oil filled in in a box.
3. In case of need make corresponding updating, having added demanded quantity of oil through a jellied aperture, - take advantage of a funnel or the manual pump.
4. Track reliability of a tightening of a stopper.