Mitsubishi Galant

1990-2001 of release

Repair and car operation

Mitsubishi Galant
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Controls
- Options and routine maintenance
   The schedule of routine maintenance of cars Mitsubishi Galant/Mirage/Diamante
   The general data on options and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tyres and pressure of their rating
   Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
   Check, service and gymnastics of the storage battery
   Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
   Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Rotation of wheels
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
   Greasing of components of the chassis
   Replacement ATF of automatic transmission and differential of the main transfer, check of a condition and filter AT service
   Check of a condition of brake lines
   Check of a condition/service of disk brake mechanisms
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check and adjustment of backlashes of valves - only Mirage
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner
   Service of system of cooling
   Replacement of the fuel filter
   Check and replacement of the valve of system of operated ventilation картера (PCV)
   Check of a condition and replacement of spark plugs
   Condition check, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement приводных belts
   Check of a condition of components of system of release of the fulfilled gases
   Replacement трансмиссионного oils РКПП
   Replacement of greasing of a distributing box - only all-wheel drive Galant
   Replacement of greasing of back differential - only all-wheel drive Galant
   Check of a condition/service of drum-type brake mechanisms
   Check of serviceability of functioning of a lay brake
   Check of serviceability of functioning of the vacuum amplifier of brakes
   Check of a condition of seat belts
   Check of a condition and replacement of components of system of ignition
   Check/adjustment of installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition
   Check of a condition of components of system of catching of fuel evaporations
   Check of a condition of components of the power supply system
   Check of a condition and replacement of a belt (it) of drive ГРМ
+ The engine
+ Cooling and heating systems
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Manual transmission
+ Coupling and трансмиссионная a line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment

Check of a condition of components of system of cooling

Examples of typical defects радиаторных hoses

1 — Check hoses on presence of the wiped sites.

2 — the rubber Softening testifies to the beginning of its destruction as a result of ageing.

3 — too hard tightening of a collar for the purpose of more reliable fixing on the union/branch pipe of the hardened hose does not promote the leak termination, and only leads to destruction of a material of a hose.

4 — Check all hoses on presence of swellings and traces of infiltration of oil at end faces. Cracks and small breaks in rubber come to light at сжимании a hose is easier


1. The wide spectrum of engine failures is connected with infringement of functioning of system of cooling. On the models equipped АТ, the given system provides also cooling ATF, supporting thereby optimum conditions for transmission work.
2. Check of a condition of components of system of cooling should be made after full cooling of the power unit (not less than in three hours after an engine stop).

At all do not remove a cover of a jellied mouth of a radiator at the hot engine!

3. Remove a cover from a radiator or a broad tank for what at first turn it to the left to the first emphasis. If the hissing specifying in superfluous pressure in system is heard, wait its terminations, then press a cover a palm downwards and continue to turn to the left before full clearing. Carefully wash out a cover from within and outside of pure water. Wipe a jellied mouth of a radiator. From cleared surfaces all traces of corrosion should be completely removed. The cooling liquid being in system should be concerning transparent. If the liquid is painted in colour of a rust, the system should be washed out and filled by a fresh mix (see Has undressed Service of system of cooling). If liquid level does not reach top, add in a radiator/tank of a little more mix of demanded structure.
4. Attentively examine top and bottom радиаторные hoses, and also hoses of system of heating of the salon, having smaller diameter and located between the power unit and a partition of an impellent compartment. Check hoses on all their length and in case of revealing of cracks, swellings and signs of ageing of a material make replacement of defective components. Small cracks usually to make out at сжимании a hose easier. Without dependence from a condition it is necessary to change hoses approximately time in two years.
5. Check up reliability of fastening of all hoses on the unions/branch pipes. Leaks of a cooling liquid usually are shown in a kind потеков rusty or white colour on surfaces surrounding their source. If hoses are fixed on unions/branch pipes by collars of braided type, it will be reasonable to replace the last more reliable worm or screw.
6. By blowing off by the compressed air, or by means of a soft brush, remove from backlashes between plates of the heat exchanger of a radiator old leaves, remains of insects and other dust. Try not to damage soft plates of the heat exchanger and not to cut fingers about their sharp edges.
7. Every second check, and also at first signs of infringement of functioning of system of cooling make check of a cover of a radiator by pressure (see further). If near at hand there will be no suitable equipment, address for the help on a car repair shop.
8. Having removed a cover from a radiator or a broad tank, by means of a corresponding transitive nozzle connect to system the manual pump equipped with a manometre.

9. Working as the pump handle, lift pressure in system to the maximum value of the indication of the manometre connected to the pump.

10. During some time observe manometre indications, - if pressure in system falls, hence, leak takes place. Revealing of a source of leak is made during repeated careful survey of all components охладительного a path (once again pump up pressure).

11. If during visual survey to reveal a leak source it is not possible, again lift pressure to a maximum and leave system under pressure upon some time. After nearby 30 minutes check up the manometre indication, - if it has fallen less than to 20 %, it is possible to consider a system condition satisfactory, otherwise it is necessary to address for the help to experts of car-care centre.
12. One more of the reasons of losses of a cooling liquid are its internal leaks. A similar sort of leak are usually connected with infringement of tightness of linings of heads of cylinders or occurrence of cracks in a body of the block and lead to hit of a cooling liquid in engine oil and chambers of combustion of the engine. Oil thus begins эмульгировать, accepting a dairy-shaped consistence, the exhaust smoke at the moment of engine start appears the sated water steam giving to it dense white colour. One more of signs of presence of internal leaks of a cooling liquid is formation on electrodes of spark plugs of a touch of greenish or white colour, - by serial survey of candles it is possible to reveal the cylinder supposing leak.