1990-2001 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Options and routine maintenance
- The engine
+ Removal/installation of the power unit, dismantle of components
- Regenerative repair of the engine
The general information
Check компрессионного pressure in engine cylinders
Check of oil pressure
Alternative variants of schemes of regenerative repair of the engine
Good advice on carrying out of regenerative repair of the engine
Preparation for major repairs performance
Order of dismantling of the engine by its preparation for major repairs
Regenerative repair of a head of cylinders
Regenerative repair of the block of cylinders
Trial start and обкатка the engine after major repairs
+ Cooling and heating systems
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Manual transmission
+ Coupling and transmission a line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Alternative variants of schemes of regenerative repair of the engineDuring independent performance of major repairs of the engine the reader will face the necessity of a choice of the scheme of actions defining total amount and character of forthcoming work most comprehensible to it. Necessity of replacement of the block of the engine, shatunno-piston groups and a cranked shaft is defined by set of various factors, the main thing from which is the block condition. To number of the other parametres defining a choice of structure of forthcoming works, concern time and material inputs, presence of necessary spare parts, and also own qualification of the owner of the car, as mechanics.
It is possible to allocate following basic schemes of carrying out of major repairs of the engine:
Repair and replacement of components - If the condition of the block and the basic internal components of the engine in the course of survey is found in an individual order by the satisfactory, most reasonable decision there will be a carrying out of their service in an individual order. Thus it is necessary to check up carefully a condition of the block, a cranked shaft and shatunno-piston groups. Even at very insignificant degree of deterioration of the block, a mirror of its cylinders without fail are subject хонингованию.
Use of the reduced set of the block of the engine - the Reduced set includes the block of cylinders with already established in it cranked shaft and shatunno-piston groups. Thus all bearings of a cranked shaft are completed by new loose leaves, and their working backlashes are precisely adjusted. Further such set is equiped additionally with the camshafts removed from the old engine, components клапанного the mechanism, a head of cylinders and hinged units without any global mechanical works.
Use of the expanded set of the block of the engine - the Expanded set represents the reduced set, plus the oil pump, the pallet картера, a head of cylinders with a cover, a camshaft, components клапанного the mechanism and drive ГРМ (gear wheels/asterisks with газораспределительным a belt/chain) with covers. All provided bearings, epiploons and linings are new, backlashes are adjusted. It is necessary to connect only to the block the inlet pipeline with a final collector and hinged units.
The variant of replacement of the engine in gathering is possible also. Many firm services-centres offer similar service, on exchange base changing the become unfit for use units on new or restored, and on the last guarantee certificates as on the new frequently extend.
Before to stop the choice on any of the listed schemes of performance of major repairs of the engine and to start acquisition of corresponding replaceable components, consult with experts of car-care centre, representatives of the firm service-centre of the company-manufacturer of your car and more skilled motorists.