1990-2001 of release
Repair and car operation
- Identification numbers of the car
Acquisition of spare parts
Technology of service, the tool and the workplace equipment
Поддомкрачивание and towage
Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
Automobile химикалии, cleaners, hermetics
Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems
+ Options and routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Cooling and heating systems
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Manual transmission
+ Coupling and трансмиссионная a line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Поддомкрачивание and towageПоддомкрачивание
For поддомкрачивания it is necessary to park the car on an equal horizontal surface, whenever possible with a firm covering. In the presence of the slightest bias it is necessary to take care of safety measures against recoil: prop up located on a diagonal from subject to removal a wheel противооткатными boots, firmly cock a lay brake, include a reverse gear (РКПП), or translate the selector lever in position “Р” (АТ). Try not to depart far from поддомкраченного the car, especially if nearby there are children.
At performance of change of wheels before поддомкрачивать the car, remove a decorative cap and баллонным a key ослабьте nuts of fastening of a wheel subject to replacement. Prepare запаску.
Get a jack under the car: back домкратные points are located from back edges of door drains, at поддомкрачивании передка the jack is got under a stretcher.
Take care of reliability of gearing of a head of a jack. Rotating the jack handle, lift the car so that the wheel subject to replacement has come off the earth. Having thrown off fixing nuts, remove a wheel and establish on its place spare. Screw wheel nuts, then lower the car on the earth, clean a jack and hold on nuts of fastening of a wheel in a diagonal order with demanded effort. Establish into place a cap. Combine and clean the tool. Do not forget to clean противооткатные boots.
In order to avoid bumper deformation cars considered in the present Management should not be towed by means of equipped тросовым carrying out эвакуатора, - try to cause эвакуатор, a providing separation from the earth of wheels of one axis, or the equipped cargo platform.
Equipped РКПП models can be towed передком back provided that transmission is not damaged and switched to neutral transfer. The steering wheel should be fixed in rectilinear position by means of special towing блокиратора.
Towage equipped АТ models can be made without a separation forward wheels from the earth only with a speed no more than 50 km/h (30 miles/ch) and not further than on 30 km (18 miles). If the given conditions cannot be satisfied owing to any special circumstances, it is necessary to tow the car with a separation of forward wheels from the earth.
All-wheel drive models
It is supposed only two variants of towage all-wheel drive (AWD) models: without a separation of wheels from the earth, or with their full separation. Default of the given condition can lead to failure вязкостной муфты couplings.